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All Seasons

Season 1953

  • S1953E01 Panorama [11/11/53]

    • November 11, 1953
    • BBC One

    Inaugural edition. Leads with a report on the "brainwashing" of British spy Edgar Sanders after he was captured by the Soviets. Other items include a National Coal Board representative answering complaints about the quality of coal, a discussion about the state of the fishing industry and an art review section.

  • S1953E02 Panorama [09/12/53]

    • December 9, 1953
    • BBC One

  • S1953E03 Panorama [23/12/53]

    • December 23, 1953
    • BBC One

Season 1954

Season 1955

  • S1955E01 Panorama [12/01/55]

    • January 12, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E02 Panorama [26/01/55]

    • January 26, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E03 Panorama [09/02/55]

    • February 9, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E04 Panorama [23/02/55]

    • February 23, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E05 Panorama [09/03/55]

    • March 9, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E06 Panorama [23/03/55]

    • March 23, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E07 Panorama [06/04/55]

    • April 6, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E08 Panorama [20/04/55]

    • April 20, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E09 Salvador Dali

    • May 4, 1955
    • BBC One

    Malcolm Muggeridge talks with Spanish surrealist artist, Salvador Dali, who says that even if viewers only understand a little of his poor English, it will be a wonderful thing for them. Muggeridge questions him about how he cares for his magnificent moustache, his career as an artist and his interest in 'nuclear mysticism'.

  • S1955E10 Panorama [18/05/55]

    • May 18, 1955
    • BBC One

    In a segment entitled "Your Vote", the returning officer for Fulham talks with Max Robertson about various aspects of voting; Grace Wyndham Goldie talks about the BBC's plans for the reporting of the results of the upcoming election; and we are given a preview of some of the visual presentation methods that will be used in presenting the results. In "Queen of the Air", Max Robertson speaks with British Overseas Airways Corporation hostess Anne Price about winning a contest in Johannesburg. In "The Viscount", George Edwards of Vickers and J.H. Carmichael of Capital Airlines discuss the recent purchase of sixty Viscount planes by Capital Airlines.

  • S1955E11 Ed Murrow - Panorama [01/06/55]

    • June 1, 1955
    • BBC One

    First transmitted in 1955, Malcolm Muggeridge talks with American broadcast journalist Ed Murrow about the art of interviewing, commercial television, sponsorship and his memories of Britain during the war years. Including a filmed interview with Ed Murrow.

  • S1955E12 Panorama [15/06/55]

    • June 15, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E13 Panorama [29/06/55]

    • June 29, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E14 Panorama [13/07/55]

    • July 13, 1955
    • BBC One

    Poet John Betjeman participates in a discussion about canals.

  • S1955E15 Panorama [27/07/55]

    • July 27, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E16 Panorama [10/08/55]

    • August 10, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E17 Panorama [19/09/55]

    • September 19, 1955
    • BBC One

    This edition marks the re-launch of the programme in a weekly format. Including a report by Woodrow Wyatt from Malta whose leaders are engaged in round table talks with Britain on the island's future independence. Also also featuring filmed interviews with foreign tourists in Britain and a direct line to France using the Eurovision terrestrial microwave network.

  • S1955E18 Panorama [26/09/55]

    • September 26, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E19 Panorama [03/10/55]

    • October 3, 1955
    • BBC One

    Including a report about the popularity of coffee bars in Britain.

  • S1955E20 Panorama [17/10/55]

    • October 17, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E21 Panorama [24/10/55]

    • October 24, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E22 Panorama [31/10/55]

    • October 31, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E23 Panorama [07/11/55]

    • November 7, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E24 Panorama [14/11/55]

    • November 14, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E25 Panorama [21/11/55]

    • November 21, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E26 Panorama [28/11/55]

    • November 28, 1955
    • BBC One

  • S1955E27 Panorama [05/12/55]

    • December 5, 1955
    • BBC One

    Including an item in which reporter Max Robertson dresses as Santa Claus in Selfridges and attempts to discover what is top of the Christmas wish lists for children in 1955.

  • S1955E28 Panorama [12/12/55]

    • December 12, 1955
    • BBC One

Season 1956

Season 1957

Season 1958

Season 1959

Season 1960

Season 1961

  • S1961E01 Cuba: Anti-Castro Rebels

    • January 23, 1961
    • BBC One

    Cuban exiles share their reasons for fleeing their homeland. In Washington, Robin Day questions two members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee about U.S. involvement in plans to oust Castro.

  • S1961E02 South Africa leaves the Commonwealth

    • May 16, 1961
    • BBC One

    After being condemned by the Commonwealth for its apartheid regime, South Africa left and became a republic. A range of South Africans express differing views on the situation, ranging from outright defiance from some white South Africans to understandable concerns from one South African of Indian descent.

  • S1961E03 Panorama [29/05/61]

    • May 29, 1961
    • BBC One

    Richard Dimbleby talks to HRH The Duke of Edinburgh about Commonwealth Technical Training Week. John Morgan presents a report from Madrid about life in modern-day Spain.

  • S1961E04 The Summit: And After

    • June 5, 1961
    • BBC One

  • S1961E05 Meeting Fidel Castro

    • June 26, 1961
    • BBC One

    Fidel Castro leads a group of journalists on a tour of Cuba. Among the scenes are reminders of the recent failed Bay of Pigs invasion. Robin Day secures an interview (in English) with Castro.

  • S1961E06 Panorama [14/07/61]

    • July 14, 1961
    • BBC One

    Including an interview with Major Yuri Gagarin in London, conducted by Richard Dimbleby.

  • S1961E07 Panorama Goes to Berlin

    • July 31, 1961
    • BBC One

  • S1961E08 The Berlin Wall

    • October 31, 1961
    • BBC One

Season 1962

  • S1962E01 19 Mar. 1962

    • March 19, 1962
    • BBC One

  • S1962E02 The Dalai Lama

    • June 4, 1962
    • BBC One

  • S1962E03 Cuba Missile Crisis Ends

    • October 29, 1962
    • BBC One

    The news and current-affairs programme looks at the implications of the end of the Cuban missile crisis. Hosted by Richard Dimbleby, studio discussions are chaired by Robin Day in Washington and James Mossman at home, with guests including the Right Honourable Harold Wilson and the Right Honourable Earl of Home, who discuss Britain's role in the crisis. John Morgan reports from checkpoint Bravo in Berlin on whether the Soviet position there will change as a result of Khrushchev's climbdown. Sir William Hayter, a former Ambassador to Moscow, is certain that this is not the beginning of world peace.

Season 1963

Season 1964

  • S1964E01 Brian Epstein

    • March 30, 1964
    • BBC One

    Panorama that profiled Brian Epstein, manager of the Beatles, and asked him about the music industry in general and the Fab Four in particular.

  • S1964E02 Mods and Rockers

    • April 6, 1964
    • BBC One

    John Morgan interviews groups of mods and rockers about their lifestyles.

  • S1964E03 20 Apr. 1964

    • April 20, 1964
    • BBC One

    This edition features Liverpool, 'the most talked-about city in Europe'.

  • S1964E04 27 Apr. 1964

    • April 27, 1964
    • BBC One

  • S1964E05 4 May 1964

    • May 4, 1964
    • BBC One

  • S1964E06 Bank Holiday Activities

    • May 18, 1964
    • BBC One

    Panorama tries to predict what the future holds for bank holiday activities

  • S1964E07 Race Problems Around the World

    • June 15, 1964
    • BBC One

    The main feature is a report by Robin Day from Pretoria, where Nelson Mandela and other defendants in the Rivonia Trial have been sentenced. Day interviews people who condemn the trial and sentence, including Helen Suzman, Alan Paton and Winnie Mandela. Additionally, Michael Charlton visits Chicago and speaks with Elijah Mohammed, leader of the militant black separatist group the Nation of Islam.

  • S1964E08 Warren Commission Report

    • September 28, 1964
    • BBC One

    Richard Dimbleby hosts a discussion on the findings in the Warren Commission report.

  • S1964E09 Harold Wilson

    • October 19, 1964
    • BBC One

    Profile of Harold Wilson and Alec Douglas-Home on the election trail from 19 October 1964.

  • S1964E10 Debate on Capital Punishment

    • December 21, 1964
    • BBC One

Season 1965

  • S1965E01 Tributes to Churchill

    • January 25, 1965
    • BBC One

    As viewers come to terms with the loss of a great British hero, Richard Dimbleby hosts a collection of tributes to Winston Churchill from his friends and colleagues. Contributions come from Churchill's Foreign Secretary Lord Avon (formerly Anthony Eden, his successor as Prime Minister), Lord Mountbatten, the Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson, Governor Harriman of the US State Department and former Prime Minister of France Paul Reynaud. The programme concludes with an item from an earlier edition of 'Panorama' on Churchill's life.

  • S1965E02 Beeching

    • February 8, 1965
    • BBC One

    Richard Dimbleby discusses the future of public transport with Dr Richard Beeching in the wake of his second report into railway provision.

  • S1965E03 Censorship in Ireland & Presidential Elections

    • April 5, 1965
    • BBC One

    Panorama interviews church, political and literary leaders over the strict censorship laws in the Republic of Ireland. Also includes a report on the April 1965 Irish general election and an interview with Danny Rice whose bedroom is divided by the border.

  • S1965E04 Visit to Belsen

    • April 12, 1965
    • BBC One

  • S1965E05 Adlai E. Stevenson

    • July 12, 1965
    • BBC One

  • S1965E06 Rhodesia: Harold Wilson's Visit

    • November 1, 1965
    • BBC One

  • S1965E07 Rhodesia: Viewpoints

    • November 15, 1965
    • BBC One

  • S1965E08 Rhodesia: Michael Charlton Reports

    • November 29, 1965
    • BBC One

  • S1965E09 The South African Press

    • December 20, 1965
    • BBC One

Season 1966

Season 1967

  • S1967E01 Panorama [02/01/67]

    • January 2, 1967
    • BBC One

    James Mossman interviews Richard Brigenshaw about the problems in the modern press industry.

  • S1967E02 Panorama [09/01/67]

    • January 9, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E03 Panorama [16/01/67]

    • January 16, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E04 Panorama [23/01/67]

    • January 23, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E05 Panorama [30/01/67]

    • January 30, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E06 Panorama [06/02/67]

    • February 6, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E07 Panorama [13/02/67]

    • February 13, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E08 Panorama [20/02/67]

    • February 20, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E09 Panorama [27/02/67]

    • February 27, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E10 Panorama [06/03/67]

    • March 6, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E11 Panorama [13/03/67]

    • March 13, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E12 Panorama [20/03/67]

    • March 20, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E13 Panorama [03/04/67]

    • April 3, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E14 Panorama [10/04/67]

    • April 10, 1967
    • BBC One

    Including a report entitled “Bottom Line on Weight Loss” examining the various methods through which people seek to lose weight.

  • S1967E15 Jim Garrison Interview

    • April 17, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E16 Panorama [24/04/67]

    • April 24, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E17 Panorama [01/05/67]

    • May 1, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E18 Panorama [08/05/67]

    • May 8, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E19 Panorama [18/05/67]

    • May 18, 1967
    • BBC One

    The programme includes a look at how Britons spend their bank holidays.

  • S1967E20 Panorama [22/05/67]

    • May 22, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E21 Panorama [05/06/67]

    • June 5, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E22 Panorama [12/06/67]

    • June 12, 1967
    • BBC One

    James Watson reports on the Six-Day War in Israel having visited Tel Aviv, Bethlehem and Jerusalem.

  • S1967E23 Panorama [19/06/67]

    • June 19, 1967
    • BBC One

    Lord Caradon, Britains's delegate to the United Nations General Assembly, is asked for his opinion on Alexei Kosygin's walkout of the UN General Assembly during a debate on the Arab-Israeli conflict.

  • S1967E24 Panorama [26/06/67]

    • June 26, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E25 Panorama [03/07/67]

    • July 3, 1967
    • BBC One

    Panorama visits Cleveland, on the verge of race riots, to ask civil rights leader Martin Luther King whether his non-violent movement was now losing ground to its more militant counterpart.

  • S1967E26 What's Ailing the NHS?

    • July 10, 1967
    • BBC One

    In an item entitled "Health Service", two doctors propose very different solutions to the problems already besetting the young organisation. One doctor believes the NHS just needs more money, while the other suggests that business efficiency models should be introduced and talks about 'utilising resources'. Meanwhile, a GP worries about changes in the doctor-patient relationship.

  • S1967E27 Panorama [17/07/67]

    • July 17, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E28 Panorama [24/07/67]

    • July 24, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E29 Panorama [31/07/67]

    • July 31, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E30 Panorama [07/08/67]

    • August 7, 1967
    • BBC One

    In the aftermath of Israel's victory in the Six Day War, Panorama reports on the complexity and tensions of life for the differing religions living in Israeli-controlled east Jerusalem, visiting many of the city's holy sites like the Western Wall - then known as the Wailing Wall - and the Dome of the Rock.

  • S1967E31 Panorama [25/09/67]

    • September 25, 1967
    • BBC One

    Including an interview with Harold Wilson in which the prospect of devaluation of the pound is discussed along with the Vietnam War and unemployment.

  • S1967E32 Panorama [02/10/67]

    • October 2, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E33 Panorama [09/10/67]

    • October 9, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E34 Panorama [16/10/67]

    • October 16, 1967
    • BBC One

    Is Heath the right man for the job? Panorama talks to Conservative Party activists about their views on Edward Heath. He is then interviewed by a panel of journalists.

  • S1967E35 Panorama [23/10/67]

    • October 23, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E36 Panorama [30/10/67]

    • October 30, 1967
    • BBC One

    Panorama's James Mossman reports on the Catholic Church's engagement with the changing world of the 1960s and the seismic shifts in the Catholic hierarchy during the papal reigns of John XXIII and Paul VI that covered this period.

  • S1967E37 Panorama [06/11/67]

    • November 6, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E38 Panorama [13/11/67]

    • November 13, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E39 Panorama [20/11/67]

    • November 20, 1967
    • BBC One

    Panorama reports on the reaction to devaluation of the pound. Featuring Alan Watson, Ian Trethowan and David Dimbleby, with contributions from Patrick Jenkin MP and Douglas Jay MP.

  • S1967E40 Panorama [27/11/67]

    • November 27, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E41 Panorama [04/12/67]

    • December 4, 1967
    • BBC One

    Panorama looks at the Vietnam War. Includes an investigation into the attitudes of US citizens to the war and coverage of Sennator Robert Kennedy's speech expressing his concerns.

  • S1967E42 Panorama [11/12/67]

    • December 11, 1967
    • BBC One

  • S1967E43 Panorama [18/12/67]

    • December 18, 1967
    • BBC One

Season 1968

  • S1968E01 1 Apr. 1968

    • April 1, 1968
    • BBC One

  • S1968E02 Profile of Enoch Powell

    • December 2, 1968
    • BBC One

  • S1968E03 Northern Ireland

    • December 9, 1968
    • BBC One

    Robin Day introduces a Panorama special on Northern Ireland in the wake of recent clashes between the police rival demonstrators, outlining the religious as well as the political motivations on all sides.

Season 1969

  • S1969E01 20 Jan. 1969

    • January 21, 1969
    • BBC One

  • S1969E02 27 Jan. 1969

    • January 27, 1969
    • BBC One

  • S1969E03 Ulster Election

    • February 17, 1969
    • BBC One

    Robin Day reports from Northern Ireland on the 1969 General Election and whether or not Terence O'Neill can hold onto power at Stormont, or will lose out to Ian Paisley or O'Neill's party opponent, Bill Craig.

  • S1969E04 Vietnam

    • March 31, 1969
    • BBC One

  • S1969E05 Apollo 11: The Impact on Earth

    • July 21, 1969
    • BBC One

    Robin Day hosts this special edition of the current-affairs programme, marking man's first steps on the surface of the moon. Julian Pettifer reports on demonstrators who believe the money spent on the Apollo missions should have been used to feed the starving millions back on Earth. In the studio, contributors including science-fiction novelist Brian Aldiss debate the issues surrounding the moon landing and its possible legacy.

  • S1969E06 Panorama Special: The Violent Days of Ulster

    • August 21, 1969
    • BBC One

  • S1969E07 Belfast

    • September 8, 1969
    • BBC One

    Richard Kershaw reports on the situation in Belfast. He visits the barricades and speaks to residents and representatives from both sides of the divide.

  • S1969E08 The Army in Ulster

    • November 17, 1969
    • BBC One

    In the first Panorama to be transmitted in color, Robin Day chairs a discussion on the current teacher's dispute and Julian Pettifer reports on the role of the British army in Northern Ireland.

Season 1970

  • S1970E01 12 Jan. 1970

    • January 12, 1970
    • BBC One

  • S1970E02 18 May 1970

    • May 18, 1970
    • BBC One

  • S1970E03 8 Jun. 1970

    • June 8, 1970
    • BBC One

  • S1970E04 Election 70

    • June 15, 1970
    • BBC One

  • S1970E05 Mrs Thatcher

    • July 27, 1970
    • BBC One

    Panorama features Nicholas Harman's film profile of Margaret Thatcher, Minister of State for Education, and a report on Zambia. Amid the controversy over new policies for comprehensive schools, Panorama follows Margaret Thatcher during an average day as Minister of State for Education. The programme includes footage of Thatcher at her homes in Kent and Chelsea, a visit to Highbury Grove Comprehensive School in Islington and an extensive interview.

  • S1970E06 14 Sep. 1970

    • September 14, 1970
    • BBC One

  • S1970E07 5 Oct. 1970

    • October 5, 1970
    • BBC One

  • S1970E08 Ulster

    • November 9, 1970
    • BBC One

    Alan Hart reports from Ulster and investigates how much support there is for the extremists active in the Roman Catholic community.

  • S1970E09 In China

    • December 7, 1970
    • BBC One

  • S1970E10 21 Dec. 1970

    • December 21, 1970
    • BBC One

Season 1971

  • S1971E01 25 Jan. 1971

    • January 25, 1971
    • BBC One

  • S1971E02 Brian Faulkner

    • June 21, 1971
    • BBC One

    A film profile of Brian Faulkner, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.

  • S1971E03 Free School Milk

    • April 26, 1971
    • BBC One

    A report from Panorama exploring the Conservative plan to withdraw free milk for children over seven years old and increase the price of school dinners. Mothers and teachers voice their concerns, but Margaret Thatcher defends her cuts and promises to plough the money that is saved back into school buildings. Public Record documents released in 2001 show Margaret Thatcher to have been very worried about the public reaction to the end of free milk, though she also proposed cuts in other areas. Arguing that charging for library books would be too controversial, she suggested instead that entry fees to national museums could be introduced.

  • S1971E04 28 Jun. 1971

    • June 28, 1971
    • BBC One

  • S1971E05 Playground of the Western World

    • August 23, 1971
    • BBC One

    "The grand object of travel," said Dr Johnson 200 years ago, "is to see the shores of the Mediterranean." It's even truer today. Every year five million Britons leave their inhibitions and our damp climate behind, and head for those fabled shores. Most go for the sun - for a golden tan that will draw so many admiring glances back at the office. But there are other attractions.

  • S1971E06 B Specials

    • September 6, 1971
    • BBC One

    Alan Hart reports from Ulster on efforts of the disbanded B-Specials to campaign for a new force.

  • S1971E07 Northern Ireland Situation

    • September 20, 1971
    • BBC One

    Robin Day interviews Reginald Maulding, Home Secretary, about the events in Northern Ireland and whether there is a solution that will satisfy both communities.

  • S1971E08 4 Oct. 1971

    • October 4, 1971
    • BBC One

  • S1971E09 The Edward Heath Interview

    • October 11, 1971
    • BBC One

    On the eve of the Conservative Party Conference, Robin Day goes to Downing Street to talk to the prime minister, the Rt Hon Edward Heath MP, about his record in office and the major problems he now faces.

  • S1971E10 8 Nov. 1971

    • November 8, 1971
    • BBC One

  • S1971E11 Review of the Year: The Sights and Sounds of '71

    • December 28, 1971
    • BBC One

Season 1972

  • S1972E01 24/01/1972

    • January 24, 1972
    • BBC One

    Two days ago, Britain was set on a new course when we signed the Treaty of Accession to the EEC. In Brussels, Panorama talks exclusively to the prime minister at this moment of personal triumph and asks him how he wants to shape and influence the Europe Britain is in the process of joining.

  • S1972E02 Ulster Initiative

    • March 13, 1972
    • BBC One

    Item on the Governments new initiative for a peaceful settlement in Northern Ireland; Alan Hart interviews SDLP leader Gerry Fitt in his Belfast constituency and Michael Charlton chairs discussion between Angus Maude & Norman St John-Stevas.

  • S1972E03 Ulster: A Chance for Peace

    • March 27, 1972
    • BBC One

    Michael Charlton and Richard Kershaw present programme, with report from Alan Hart on the Heath initiative on N Ireland, bringing direct rule over Ulster, and reactions to it.

  • S1972E04 End To IRA Ceasefire

    • July 10, 1972
    • BBC One

    Michael Charlton interviews William Whitelaw (Sec of State for Northern Ireland) on the calling off of IRA ceasefire and the government response to NI problem, the refusal to give in to terrorism and violence, and the role of British army and security forces in NI.

  • S1972E05 Panorama Special: The Docks Dispute - Part 1

    • July 24, 1972
    • BBC One

  • S1972E06 The Price of Your Car

    • July 31, 1972
    • BBC One

  • S1972E07 Northern Ireland

    • September 25, 1972
    • BBC One

    Michael Charlton presents Panorama from Belfast during the Darlington talks. Alan Watson introduces report on Ulster and looks at the best way of tackling the problem.

  • S1972E08 20 Nov. 1972

    • November 20, 1972
    • BBC One

  • S1972E09 18 Dec. 1972

    • December 18, 1972
    • BBC One

Season 1973

Season 1974

  • S1974E01 A Happy New Year?

    • January 7, 1974
    • BBC One

    Reporter Philip Tibbenham visits the town of Hereford to guage people's reaction to the crisis ridden festive season.

  • S1974E02 Panorama On Pay: How Much Are You Worth?

    • January 14, 1974
    • BBC One

    Panorama looks at how the pay for a job is determined. The programme seeks the views of experts, workers and politicians. Also includes an interview with US Vice President Gerald Ford

  • S1974E03 A Suitable Case for Treatment

    • January 21, 1974
    • BBC One

    An investigation into delinquency in girls. The programme looks at an alarming increase in violence by girls and asks if the system of care is sufficient, with young girls being passed from institution to institution.

  • S1974E04 Panorama [28/01/74]

    • January 28, 1974
    • BBC One

    Robin Day interviews Conservative party leader Edward Heath.

  • S1974E05 British Nuclear Power - The Great Confusion

    • February 4, 1974
    • BBC One

    Panorama looks at Britain's early lead in nuclear power generation and how this lead has been lost, despite a £2 billion investment. The safety of American nuclear equipment, upon which Britain may now have to rely, is called into question.

  • S1974E06 Who Can Get the Economy Right?

    • February 11, 1974
    • BBC One

    A look at the underlying problems of the economy.

  • S1974E07 Panorama [18/02/74]

    • February 18, 1974
    • BBC One

    Panorama turns its attention to industrial relations.

  • S1974E08 Election Panorama: The EEC Factor

    • February 25, 1974
    • BBC One

    Panorama looks at how the question of the EEC will affect the election.

  • S1974E09 Flags, Flowers And Mongoose Men

    • March 4, 1974
    • BBC One

    A report from Greneda on recently installed Premier, Eric Gairy, and the opposition from some of his countrymen.

  • S1974E10 Over A Barrel

    • March 11, 1974
    • BBC One

    Richard Kershaw visits Saudi Arabia to profile those behind the current petroleum crisis.

  • S1974E11 Panorama [18/03/74]

    • March 18, 1974
    • BBC One

  • S1974E12 Healey's Budget

    • March 25, 1974
    • BBC One

    A profile Chancellor Dennis Healey on the eve of his budget.

  • S1974E13 Panorama [01/04/74]

    • April 1, 1974
    • BBC One

  • S1974E14 Apres Pompidou

    • April 8, 1974
    • BBC One

    A profile of French President Georges Pompidou and the divisions within the French Socialist Party.

  • S1974E15 Panorama [22/04/74]

    • April 22, 1974
    • BBC One

  • S1974E16 Panorama [29/04/74]

    • April 29, 1974
    • BBC One

  • S1974E17 Survival

    • May 6, 1974
    • BBC One

    Julian Pettifer talks to two of the survivors of the Uruguyan plane carrying a team of rugby players which crashed in the Andes. The survivors stayed alive by resorting to eating the flesh of the deceased.

  • S1974E18 Panorama On Scotland

    • May 13, 1974
    • BBC One

    As the North Sea oil field flourishes, Panorama asks if the break-up of the UK is a real possibility.

  • S1974E19 Panorama [20/05/74]

    • May 20, 1974
    • BBC One

  • S1974E20 Panorama [03/06/74]

    • June 3, 1974
    • BBC One

  • S1974E21 Panorama [10/06/74]

    • June 10, 1974
    • BBC One

  • S1974E22 Panorama in China

    • June 17, 1974
    • BBC One

    Reporter Michael Charlton looks behind the Bamboo Curtain and asks why Conservative leader Mr Edward Heath was given such an enthusiastic reception on his recent visit.

  • S1974E23 Panorama On Nixon

    • June 24, 1974
    • BBC One

    As Nixon's presidency hangs in the balance, Robert MacNeil looks at his career, from Whittier to Watergate; and talks with, among others, friends of the President's family.

  • S1974E24 Yitsak Rabin Interview

    • July 1, 1974
    • BBC One

    The Prime Minister of Israel, Yitsak Rabin, is interviewed.

  • S1974E25 Cancer in the Currency

    • July 8, 1974
    • BBC One

    An explanation of inflation and its effect.

  • S1974E26 Panorama [15/07/74]

    • July 15, 1974
    • BBC One

    The Prime Minister discusses Labour's plans for the future.

  • S1974E27 How to Impeach a President

    • July 22, 1974
    • BBC One

  • S1974E28 Cyprus in Sorrow

    • September 2, 1974
    • BBC One

  • S1974E29 Some People's Poland

    • September 9, 1974
    • BBC One

    Julian Pettifer reports from Poland on a softening of communist policies.

  • S1974E30 Panorama [16/09/74]

    • September 16, 1974
    • BBC One

  • S1974E31 Election Panorama (1): The Battle for Britain

    • September 23, 1974
    • BBC One

  • S1974E32 Spy Wars

    • September 24, 1974
    • BBC One

    On the infiltration of the United Nations by Russian Agents.

  • S1974E33 Election Panorama (2): How We Should Pay Ourselves

    • September 30, 1974
    • BBC One

  • S1974E34 Election Panorama (3): The Battle For Britain

    • October 7, 1974
    • BBC One

    The last of three programs examining the election issues.

  • S1974E35 Panorama [21/10/74]

    • October 21, 1974
    • BBC One

    Dennis Tuohy looks at the care of autistic children in Britain.

  • S1974E36 Panorama on King Coal

    • October 28, 1974
    • BBC One

    Richard Kershaw visits pits and talks to miners, union leaders and employers to understand why we are experiencing a coal shortage.

  • S1974E37 The Politics of Food

    • November 4, 1974
    • BBC One

    Michael Charlton chairs a studio discussion from Rome about food aid on the eve of the UN World Food Conference. Millions of lives may rest on the outcome as the Haves and Have-nots meet for life and death talks. Yet decisions will not be made on purely humanitarian grounds, for food is now another weapon in the arsenal of international power politics.

  • S1974E38 Panorama [11/11/74]

    • November 11, 1974
    • BBC One

    David Dimbleby presents for the first time. Panorama looks at the future of the Tory Party and Merlyn Rees is interviewed on Ulster.

  • S1974E39 Younger Every Day

    • November 18, 1974
    • BBC One

    Julian Pettifer looks at the disturbing ruse in youth crime. He talks to the family of an 11-year-old arrested 19 times.

  • S1974E40 Panorama [25/11/74]

    • November 25, 1974
    • BBC One

  • S1974E41 Panorama [02/12/74]

    • December 2, 1974
    • BBC One

    A look at the effects of inflation on the subsidized performing arts. Richard Kershaw carries out a number of case studies on groups such as the Scottish National Orchestra, Glyndebourne, the Royal Opera and the Royal Ballet.

  • S1974E42 Panorama [09/12/74]

    • December 9, 1974
    • BBC One

    A report on the plight of Pakistanis facing a four year wait to join relatives living in Britain. Robert Macneil reports.

  • S1974E43 Wouldn't It Be Lovely...

    • December 16, 1974
    • BBC One

    Panorama reports on the plight of the homeless.

Season 1975

  • S1975E01 The New Man - Cuban Style

    • January 6, 1975
    • BBC One

    David Dimbleby presents a report by Denis Tuohy on the internal changes that have taken place in Cuba under Castro.

  • S1975E02 Panorama [20/01/75]

    • January 20, 1975
    • BBC One

  • S1975E03 In or Out - The Sovereignty Debate

    • January 27, 1975
    • BBC One

  • S1975E04 Panorama [03/02/75]

    • February 3, 1975
    • BBC One

  • S1975E05 Tory Leadership Contest

    • February 10, 1975
    • BBC One

    The Conservative Party comes under scrutiny in this investigation of the processes and the policies behind the leadership contest. The programmes also takes a look at the electioneering of Margaret Thatcher and the media crowd following her campaign. According to an article in 'The Times' on the day following the broadcast, Mrs Thatcher withdrew from the programme at the last minute because she felt that she would not have had the right of reply.

  • S1975E06 Lifting the Veil: The New Face of Pakistani Women

    • February 17, 1975
    • BBC One
  • S1975E07 Panorama Goes Comprehensive

    • February 24, 1975
    • BBC One

    Julian Pettifer asks if the comprehensive education system is working. He travels to Sheffield, a city with five years of experience under the new system, and talks to teachers, children and parents. He wants to know if the schools are too big and if bright children are suffering under the new system of equality in education.

  • S1975E08 Panorama [03/03/75]

    • March 3, 1975
    • BBC One

    A report in the EEC referendum, with a particular interest in how the pros and antis will run their campaigns. MPs John Mackintosh and Neil Marten argue in studio.

  • S1975E09 Panorama [10/03/75]

    • March 10, 1975
    • BBC One

    David Lomax reports with exclusive footage of the coronation of Nepal's King Berendra. The programme looks at the challenges faced by this 28-year-old former Etonian whose country is among the 25 poorest in the world.

  • S1975E10 Cambodia - Going, Going... Gone?

    • March 17, 1975
    • BBC One

  • S1975E11 H.R. Haldeman Interview

    • March 24, 1975
    • BBC One

    An interview with H.R. Haldeman, former chief of staff to Richard Nixon, who resigned following the Watergate affair.

  • S1975E12 Panorama [07/04/75]

    • April 7, 1975
    • BBC One

    Julian Pettifer reports on a trip to war ravaged Vietnam.

  • S1975E13 Britain's Steel Dilemma

    • April 14, 1975
    • BBC One

    A report on Britain's steel industry asking whether it can modernize without losing too many jobs. Richard Kershaw's investigation takes him to Welsh and Teesside steel works.

  • S1975E14 Panorama [21/04/75]

    • April 21, 1975
    • BBC One

    A report on the President Thiu of South Vietnam's resignation and the implications this holds for US policy. Also includes coverage of the first free elections in Portugal for half a century.

  • S1975E15 Panorama [28/04/75]

    • April 28, 1975
    • BBC One

  • S1975E16 Luton Murder - A Lurking Doubt?

    • May 5, 1975
    • BBC One

    Panorama investigates the 1969 Luton Post Office killing for which three men were convicted and the revelations since uncovered which have led many to believe that these convictions were miscarriages of justice.

  • S1975E17 Panorama In Rhodesia

    • May 12, 1975
    • BBC One

    Nearly 10 years Rhodesia unilaterally decalred independence and with the future of the white rebellion looking uncertain, Richard Kershaw talks with Prim Miniter Ian Smith and asks him what terms he would consider.

  • S1975E18 Shirley Williams v. Enoch Powell

    • May 19, 1975
    • BBC One

  • S1975E19 Referendum Special

    • June 2, 1975
    • BBC One

    Tony Benn and Roy Jenkins debate on the EEC Common Market in studio.

  • S1975E20 The Price of Peace

    • June 16, 1975
    • BBC One

    Robert McNeil examines NATO, which costs Britain £4.5 billion a year. The report asks if this figure could be reduced by allies agreeing to cut out duplication of weapon systems.

  • S1975E21 Battles of Ideas

    • June 23, 1975
    • BBC One

    David Dimbleby talks to Sir Keith Joseph about his ideas of capitalism, communism and the present crisis facing the world.

  • S1975E22 Panorama [30/06/75]

    • June 30, 1975
    • BBC One

    An examination of the spiraling costs of council housing, with contribution from Environment Secretary Anthony Crosland.

  • S1975E23 Buddy, Can You Spare A Home?

    • July 7, 1975
    • BBC One

    Denis Tuohy looks at the situation facing Vietnamise refugees in the United States, visiting refugee camps, union leaders and speaking to Marshal Hy, the six-gun toting former president of South Vietnam.

  • S1975E24 Panorama [01/09/75]

    • September 1, 1975
    • BBC One

  • S1975E25 Panorama [08/09/75]

    • September 8, 1975
    • BBC One

    David Dimbleby interviews Yitzhak Rabin of Israel and Tom Mangold reports from Syria.

  • S1975E26 Sandhurst

    • September 15, 1975
    • BBC One

    First transmitted in 1975, this edition of Panorama is set at Sandhurst, the officer training academy. It follows a group of young men preparing for a life of leadership in the Army. These 'managers of violence' will be expected to perform to the very highest of traditions of the British Army and be prepared to apply their professionalism on British soil should the need arise.

  • S1975E27 Panorama [22/09/75]

    • September 22, 1975
    • BBC One

    A look at the threat arrival straight into unemployment faced by school leavers. In addition, a David Dimbleby follows Margaret Thatcher to America in a report entitled "Thatcher Goes West" as she spreads her conservative philosophy stateside.

  • S1975E28 Panorama [29/09/75]

    • September 29, 1975
    • BBC One

    Tonight's programme examines the relationship between MPs and their constituents. Michael Cockerell speaks with Reg Prentice about the balance between representing a constituency of electors and an advocate for one's political party.

  • S1975E29 Panorama [06/10/75]

    • October 6, 1975
    • BBC One

    A report on Ulster loyalists and a conversation with Young Conservative conservatives from Blackpool about the decline in votes.

  • S1975E30 Adult Illiteracy

    • October 13, 1975
    • BBC One

    A look at the problem of adult illiteracy, including a studio discussion with a number of people affected and an insight into the efforts made to remedy the issue.

  • S1975E31 Panorama [20/10/75]

    • October 20, 1975
    • BBC One

  • S1975E32 Panorama [27/10/75]

    • October 27, 1975
    • BBC One

  • S1975E33 Panorama [03/11/75]

    • June 16, 1975
    • BBC One

  • S1975E34 Rhodesia - To Share Or To Fight?

    • November 10, 1975
    • BBC One

    Richard Lindley speaks to white farmer Des Bawden and black barrister Sottayi Katsere in a programme investigating whether all races can live peacefully in Rhodesia ten years after the unilateral declaration of independence.

  • S1975E35 Coming Apart? - The Devolution Debate Part 1

    • November 17, 1975
    • BBC One

    David Dimbleby examines the issues surrounding devolution. Robin Day tals to politicians such as Edward Heath, Jeramy Thorpe and George Reid. The debate is continued in the edition of "Tonight" which ran later in the evening.

  • S1975E36 Panorama [01/12/75]

    • December 1, 1975
    • BBC One

  • S1975E37 Panorama [08/12/75]

    • December 8, 1975
    • BBC One

  • S1975E38 Panorama [15/12/75]

    • December 15, 1975
    • BBC One

    Tonight's programme ncludes a report from Sydney following the Australian election.

  • S1975E39 Panorama [24/11/75]

    • November 24, 1975
    • BBC One

    Tom Mangold reports on the case of Patrick Mackay case: Patrick Mackay (b. 1952) was the unhappy child of a violent father and a product of a cold institutional upbringing. He would go on a rampage of violence through London and Kent, killing at least three people. Mackay's transcripts are read by famous actor Malcolm McDowell.

Season 1976

  • S1976E01 South Armagh: Bandit Country

    • April 21, 1976
    • BBC One

  • S1976E02 After Soweto

    • June 21, 1976
    • BBC One

    A report filmed three years earlier and a discussion broadcast from Johannesburg consider current conditions in Soweto. Dean Desmond Tutu argues that the problems are caused by deep resentment over the inequalities generated by apartheid, whereas Dirk Richards, a government supporter, contends that the main violence was provoked by communist agitators.

Season 1977

  • S1977E01 The Alternative Prime Minister

    • July 11, 1977
    • BBC One

    Joined by representatives of the press, David Dimbleby chairs a discussion in which Conservative leader Margaret Thatcher outlines the policies she hopes will win her party the next election. She expresses her belief that trade unionism is a 'minority interest' and voices support for those individuals who have 'run the gauntlet' to cross picket lines. She also stresses the need to preserve the freedom of the individual and the generation of wealth through freer enterprise and less taxation.

  • S1977E02 F Troop, Treatment and the Half-way Line

    • November 14, 1977
    • BBC One

    As football hooliganism continued to grow in the 1970s, seemingly unchecked, Panorama immersed itself in this shady world, getting close to some of Millwall's notorious hooligan fans.

  • S1977E03 The Best Days

    • March 21, 1977
    • BBC One

    David Dimbleby asks whether or not Britain's schoolchildren are actually experiencing the best days of their life as they attend a typical comprehensive school in London. The program shows disruptive pupils arriving at school and attending shambolic lessons with various out of control teachers.

Season 1978

  • S1978E01 The Real War in Space: A Sputnik-like Event

    • October 23, 1978
    • BBC One

    First transmitted in 1978, this 25th anniversary edition of Panorama with Tom Mangold examines America's and Russia's dependence on military satellites.

  • S1978E02 The Real War in Space: We Are Entering the Post-Nuclear Era

    • October 23, 1978
    • BBC One

    First transmitted in 1978, this 25th anniversary edition of Panorama with Tom Mangold continues with a report on space weaponry, directive energy weapons, particle beam weapons and high energy lasers.

  • S1978E03 Who Really Killed Kennedy?

    • March 6, 1978
    • BBC One

    Michael Cockerell's report brings all the new facts together for the first time. It includes TV interviews never before seen with the President's alleged assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, and his killer, Jack Ruby. It examines whether the recently uncovered plots between the CIA and the Mafia to assassinate Fidel Castro backfired and led to the death of President Kennedy-as his brother Bobby feared. Producer Anthony Summers work on this film led to his seminal 1980 book 'Conspiracy'.

Season 1980

  • S1980E10 If The Bomb Drops

    • March 11, 1980
    • BBC One

    This episode of Panorama, featuring a fresh-faced Jeremy Paxman, takes a look at the UK Government's preparations for the public in the event of a possible outbreak of Nuclear War.

  • S1980E11 Walking on Coals: The White Tribe of Africa

    • July 14, 1980
    • BBC One

    David Dimbleby follows the stories of some of the people he interviewed for his earlier programme on the Afrikaners, The White Tribe of Africa. Despite great wealth for some, and a booming economy, he finds severe hardship in the homelands of South Africa.

  • S1980E12 The Chinese News Machine

    • September 15, 1980
    • BBC One

    Michael Cockerell reports on the changes in China, and examines the elaborate apparatus used to control the thoughts and actions of 1,000 million people. The first-ever film inside the Chinese news machine reveals how the People’s Daily, the Communist Party paper, is produced. Its words are spread to the biggest readership in the world, and one vast factory monitors every single news story in China. But there is a dissident movement, and the programme includes an exclusive interview with one of those inside China who questions the Communist system.

Season 1981

  • S1981E01 Whatever Happened to Afghanistan?

    • January 5, 1981
    • BBC One

    A year ago the rumble of Russian tanks invading Afghanistan was met by a chorus of condemnation from around the world. Jeremy Paxman reports from the Afghanistan-Pakistan border on what has happened since - the military and diplomatic price the Russians are paying, the effectiveness of Afghan guerrilla warfare and the plight of more than a million Afghan refugees. With the use of exclusive film, photographs and the testimony of recent refugees, he pieces together a picture of life in Kabul under Russian occupation.

  • S1981E02 Italy's Other Earthquake

    • January 12, 1981
    • BBC One

    Money is now pouring in to rebuild the lives and homes of the survivors of Italy's earthquake. But will the 600 stricken villages ever rise again from the rubble? What will happen to the money? And will the political shockwaves of the disaster bring about fundamental changes in the way the country is governed? Amidst reports that the Mafia is exploiting the tragedy, John Stapleton visits the scene of an earthquake 12 years ago in Sicily, where 40,000 people still live in temporary houses, and where billions of lire in aid money have mysteriously disappeared.

  • S1981E03 How the Left Won

    • January 19, 1981
    • BBC One

    This week, at a special conference at Wembley, the Labour Party will decide how to choose its leader. Whatever it decides, the conference will mark a crucial stage in the party's history. Will the conference resolve the struggle between Right and Left? And what are the issues that divide them? Tonight DAVID DIMBLEBY traces the phases of that struggle, pinpoints the personalities who have played decisive roles, and describes the ideas that lie at the heart of the argument.

  • S1981E04 24/01/1981

    • January 24, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E05 The Politics of Hunger

    • February 2, 1981
    • BBC One

    Before the year 2000, the world is likely to face famine on a scale hitherto unknown. Today .more than half the African countries still face severe food shortages, despite the millions of pounds of western aid which have been poured in to rural development schemes. But will increasing overseas aid, as the Brandt Commission recommends, really lead to less hunger? Or are African governments forced by their very poverty to pursue policies which actively discourage the production of more food?

  • S1981E06 09/02/1981

    • February 9, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E07 Who's Afraid of Rupert Murdoch?

    • February 16, 1981
    • BBC One

    At 49, the Australian millionaire is set to become one of the world s most powerful press tycoons. His critics say he makes and breaks politicians, he fires editors who don't fit, and relies on sex and scandal to sell some of his newspapers. He is derided as ' the Dirty Digger' as a result of his page three nudes in The Sun, yet hailed as the brilliant saviour of our ailing press. In Britain his controversial bid for The Times, its supplements and The Sunday Times, have led to unprecedented legal safeguards for editorial freedom. Elwyn Parry-Jones accompanies Rupert Murdoch on a visit to his Australian newspapers, talks to his critics and supporters and from New York reports on a bitter newspaper war prompted by Murdoch's brash tactics.

  • S1981E08 23/02/1981

    • February 23, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E09 The Right to Privacy - the Need to Know

    • March 2, 1981
    • BBC One

    How far should the state look into our lives, and what should be done with the information that is collected? Computers now contain millions of records and intelligence files; the police and security services have a formidable range of surveillance devices, from simple phone-tapping equipment to advanced laser-bugs. Tom Mangold continues his report on security by examining the state's intrusion into the lives of British citizens, and asks if better safeguards are needed against the services who carry it out.

  • S1981E10 Has the Lady Turned?

    • March 9, 1981
    • BBC One

    After two years in pursuit of a radical economic experiment, has the Government now decided to change course? The capitulation to the miners, the massive injections of cash into British Steel and British Leyland, all suggest that the former rhetoric of the Government is at odds with its present actions. David Dimbleby looks at the difficulties this Government has faced, the unexpected pressures it encountered, and the reasons why some plans may now be abandoned.

  • S1981E11 The Last of the Big Spenders?

    • March 16, 1981
    • BBC One

    The Conservative Government has told local authorities to cut back and spend less. The highest-spending council in Britain is Camden in London. It is now in a financial crisis. The Labour councillors there face the prospect of being made personally bankrupt., of putting the rates up by something like 50 per cent, and of cutting services. Reporter Philip Tibenham has been following the arguments, demonstrations, open rows and disruptions from the inside, as the councillors struggled to come to terms with being the 'Last of the Big Spenders'.

  • S1981E12 23/03/1981

    • March 23, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E13 30/03/1981

    • March 30, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E14 Gold and Diamonds - The Kremlin Connection

    • April 6, 1981
    • BBC One

    'You can carry enough diamonds on your naked body to set you up for life,' said Ian Fleming. Diamonds and gold - the most precious substances known to man - excite the imagination. But by geological accident, in the real world the two biggest producers of gold and diamonds are bitter political enemies - Communist Russia and white-ruled South Africa. Both countries vehemently deny that there are any contacts at all between them. But a top executive of South Africa's leading gold and diamond mining corporation was spotted recently at the Bolshoi Ballet in Moscow. What was he doing there? And was his visit part of an unthinkable secret partnership? Michael Cockerell investigates the secret world of gold and diamonds and the strange bedfellows it makes.

  • S1981E15 13/04/1981

    • April 13, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E16 France's Seven-Year Itch

    • April 27, 1981
    • BBC One

    For seven years Giscard d'Estaing has been the dominant force in French politics, and French prosperity has been the envy of Europe. But his critics say he has become arrogant and autocratic, more a king than a Republican President. They blame him for not preventing rising unemployment and inflation in France. On the day following the first round of the Presidential Election, David Dimbleby reports on the state of France after seven years of Giscard's rule, and on how the French people are making up their minds about who should be their President for the next seven years.

  • S1981E17 11/05/1981

    • May 11, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E18 The Re-arming of America

    • May 18, 1981
    • BBC One

    The United States, in keeping with President Reagan's election promise, has just begun the largest and most expensive peace-time military build-up in its history. The Pentagon is embarking on a one and a half trillion dollar spending spree over the next five years. Ageing battleships are being taken out of mothballs to be re-equipped with the very latest weapons. There will be new nuclear missiles, and a ' gunboat diplomacy' force of paratroopers ready to fight at a moment's notice, if necessary, in the deserts of the Gulf. But what lies behind these military developments? Tom Mangold looks at the new weapons, at the men trained to use them and their leaders

  • S1981E19 01/06.1981

    • June 1, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E20 The DPP

    • June 8, 1981
    • BBC One

    Sir Thomas Hetherington is the Director of Public Prosecutions, the man who has to decide whether to prosecute in important or difficult cases, which charges to lay and whether it is in the 'public interest' to do so. He makes crucial decisions in the areas of obscenity, race relations and criminal justice. Robin Day talks to the DPP about accountability, his professional role and some of the hotly-debated decisions he has made.

  • S1981E21 South Africa: To the Last Drop of Blood

    • June 15, 1981
    • BBC One

    Peter Taylor reports from within South Africa on the black opposition - an opposition which is becoming increasingly frustrated and violent. The thousands of Soweto youths who left the country after the riots in the black township five years ago are now returning secretly, fully trained, with arms and explosives. Every week the list of sabotage and machine-gun attacks grows rapidly. The white South African government is now facing an increasingly successful, but as yet unreported, guerrilla war. For the first time the people who are at war inside South Africa talk to Panorama. Do they have any chance of defeating the most powerful military machine in Africa? What will be the political consequences of a war which both whites and blacks swear they will fight ' to the last drop of blood '.

  • S1981E22 22/06/1981

    • June 22, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E23 The PLO - The Road to Respectability

    • June 29, 1981
    • BBC One

    The Palestinian Liberation Organisation, responsible for some of the world's worst acts of terrorism, has found a new respectability. Less than a decade after the slaying of Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympics, while they are still mounting rocket and guerrilla attacks on Israel, European foreign ministers now acknowledge that the PLO must be involved in the Middle East peace process-a move which a few years ago would have been deemed unthinkable. Tonight John Stapleton examines how, through a well financed and highly organised diplomatic and propaganda offensive. the PLO has achieved its new status.

  • S1981E24 Crash - Whatever Happened To Flight 1008?

    • July 6, 1981
    • BBC One

    In April 1980, Dan Air Flight 1008 crashed en route from Machester to Tenerife, claiming 146 lives. The programme covers the disaster from as many angles as possible, interviewing experts and investigators and drawing on eye witness accounts and crash footage. Consideration is given to the lessons which can be drawn from these events in order to make air travel safer.

  • S1981E25 13/07/1981

    • July 13, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E26 20/07/1981

    • July 20, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E27 27/07/1981

    • July 27, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E28 The Islamic Bomb

    • August 10, 1981
    • BBC One

    After the Israeli raid on Iraq's nuclear reactor, Pakistan alone is developing the Islamic worlds first nuclear weapon. With millions of pounds from Libya's Colonel Gaddafi, the Pakistanis are using Western technology to build the 'Islamic Bomb'. Tonight Panorama takes its prize-winning investigation into the project a stage further. Reporter Philip Tibenham and producer Christopher Olgiati , who won the 1981 Royal Television Society Award for Investigative Journalism, report on the latest moves in the Pakistan project. How near are the Pakistanis to their first explosion?

  • S1981E29 17/08/1981

    • August 17, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E30 24/08/1981

    • August 24, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E31 The Class of 81

    • September 7, 1981
    • BBC One

    For-the past 12 months Panorama has been following the fortunes of the 250 school leavers at Craig-bank Secondary School in Glasgow. John Stapleton follows what hap pened to them In their preparation and search for a job during the worst recession since the 1930s. Headmaster. Norman Macleod sums up their prospects: ' We've bien. preparing them for what is sometimes laughingly cal-led the world of work, and here, at the brink, when they are about to. leave school, they find this world of work is further away than it ever was.'

  • S1981E32 14/09/1981

    • September 14, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E33 The Provo's Last Card

    • September 21, 1981
    • BBC One

    Panorama's Peter Taylor reports from the Maze prison during the hunger strike campaign and addresses the political and military consequences.

  • S1981E34 Labour: Which Direction Will the Party Go?

    • September 28, 1981
    • BBC One

    Labour's choice of a deputy leader is the culmination of a momentous struggle for the party's future.

  • S1981E35 05/10/1981

    • October 5, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E36 12/10/1981

    • October 12, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E37 KGB -Russia's Secret Service in the West

    • October 19, 1981
    • BBC One

    Soviet Intelligence has a huge presence in every Western country; some four out of every ten Russian diplomats are KGB officers. They wage war by clandestine means. Their methods - disinformation, sexual entrapment, blackmail and the use of' illegals', old-fashioned spies. Tom Mangold investigates how serious is its threat, and how effective its contribution to ultimate Soviet ambitions.

  • S1981E38 26/10/1981

    • October 26, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E39 How Many More Skeletons?

    • November 2, 1981
    • BBC One

    In this report from a longer programme, Tom Mangold speaks to Leo Long, one of the men whom Anthony Blunt recruited into his Cambridge spy ring.

  • S1981E40 09/11/1981

    • November 9, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E41 16/11/1981

    • November 16, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E42 Libya: Trading in Terror

    • November 23, 1981
    • BBC One

    In Britain, Libyan hit squads murder Colonel Gaddafi's exiled opponents. All over the world the Libyans back terrorist groups - including the IRA. Now Panorama reveals the key men behind Libya's world-wide terror campaigns - ex-CIA officers who trade expertise for cash. Former CIA man Kevin Mulcahy , once part of the scheme, admits that American mercenaries are training terrorists in secret desert camps, while American businessmen sell the Libyans everything from plastic explosives to poison. In this special edition of Panorama, Jeremy Paxman reports on the lucrative trade in terror that Western governments are seemingly powerless to stop.

  • S1981E43 Trade Unions and the Law

    • November 30, 1981
    • BBC One

    Panorama tonight examines the Government's controversial proposals to limit the power of trade unions. The Rt Hon Norman Tebbit , mp, Secretary of State for Employment, explains why he believes new laws are necessary. Trade union leaders and employers debate whether changes in legislation will bring chaos or calm to industrial relations.

  • S1981E44 07/12/1981

    • December 7, 1981
    • BBC One

  • S1981E45 Experimenting with Life

    • December 24, 1981
    • BBC One

    Next year there'll be a boom in test tube babies. Laboratory fertilisation is becoming commonplace, and human embryos are now being frozen for future use. Margaret Jay examines the implications of this brand new world. How should we define the rules under which scientists help create life?

  • S1981E46 21/12/1981

    • December 21, 1981
    • BBC One

Season 1983

  • S1983E01 Serpell Report

    • January 24, 1983
    • BBC One

    Vincent Hanna reports on future options for British Rail in light of the Serpell Report followed by a studio interview with transport secretary David Howell.

  • S1983E02 The Marketing of Margaret

    • June 13, 1983
    • BBC One

    Michael Cockerell reports for Panorama on the way Margaret Thatcher's image was created.

Season 1984

Season 1985

  • S1985E01 07/01/1995

    • January 7, 1985
    • BBC One

    Back on Speaking Terms After the deep freeze the United States and the Soviet Union are talking again in Geneva to try to halt the nuclear arms race. From Washington Peter Taylor reports on how a hawkish administration has got itself back round the table with the Russians, and in London Fred Emery discusses whether the talks can lead to a new agreement.

  • S1985E02 14/01/1985

    • January 14, 1985
    • BBC One

  • S1985E03 The Politics of Plenty

    • January 21, 1985
    • BBC One

    Starvation and drought have seized the conscience of the West: millions of pounds have been raised by ordinary people for the relief of the worst hit areas. But governments have followed different priorities and different objectives.While Marxist Ethiopia has received little Western aid, across the border in Kenya it's another story: billions of dollars have poured into a country whose government favours the West. But even then, there's a price to be paid. Panorama reports on the problems of the country the Americans have called 'the shining star of Africa'.

  • S1985E04 No University for You?

    • January 28, 1985
    • BBC One

    Nearly half-a-million people already born will be denied the university place they could have had before the Government cuts. The financial squeeze has forced the universities to cut student numbers to save money for research. And now the students' own grants are being cut. Richard Lindley reports as would-be graduates begin a campaign against moves to make them pay for their own higher education.

  • S1985E05 How Much Longer?

    • February 4, 1985
    • BBC One

    Talks between the National Union of Mineworkers and the National Coal Board have reached stalemate. As official figures report more and more miners breaking the strike and returning to work, 'Panorama' asks strikers in Barnsley how long they believe they can continue. In the studio, National Union of Mineworkers president Arthur Scargill reaffirms his concerns over media representations of his union members.

  • S1985E06 Jobs - What's the Answer?

    • February 11, 1985
    • BBC One

    As unemployment keeps on rising the demands are growing again for the Government to spend more money creating jobs. Some Tory mps have joined voices urging that jobs could be found in repairing Britain's crumbling roads, sewers, and public buildings. But Mrs Thatcher and her ministers are adamant that the only way to get 'real jobs' is their strategy to cut taxes in next month's Budget.

  • S1985E07 Bad Deal for Britain

    • February 18, 1985
    • BBC One

    With Tom Mangold Britain's plan to deploy 11 flying radar stations to protect us against surprise attack has gone terribly wrong. The project will be at least five years late; it will cost nearly twice as much as planned - over one billion pounds -and the system still doesn't work effectively. Tom Mangold investigates what's gone wrong with Nimrod, the world's most expensive plane, and reveals startling new details of the defence project which is fast turning into a Bad Deal for Britain.

  • S1985E08 Comrade Bob's Election

    • February 25, 1985
    • BBC One

    Next month Zimbabwe goes to the polls for the first time since Independence in 1980. Prime Minister Robert Mugabe -known as Comrade Bob - not only wants to win: he also wants popular approval to set up a one-party Marxist state. His opponents are fighting for their political lives amid tribal and regional conflict while the country's remaining whites look on with apprehension.

  • S1985E09 Coal's Unsettled Future

    • March 4, 1985
    • BBC One

    What is the future of Britain's mining industry in light of the end of the miners' strike? Donald MacCormick chairs a discussion between the miners and townspeople of Eckington from the Town Hall. With views on returning to work, further strike action, attitudes to miners who broke the strike, fears of intimidation to working miners, and relationships within the town.

  • S1985E10 No Asylum?

    • March 11, 1985
    • BBC One

    In night shelters and seedy guesthouses, some of the hundreds of mental patients discharged each year from hospital struggle against despair and neglect. Care in the community has been the great hope for the mentally ill, but with limited resources outside, has the policy of running down the old asylums gone too far too fast?

  • S1985E11 18/03/1985

    • March 18, 1985
    • BBC One

  • S1985E12 The Jewish Pawns in Russia's Game

    • March 25, 1985
    • BBC One

    Inna Begun has not seen her husband Yosif, a prisoner in a Soviet labour camp for two years. She's just started a hunger strike in protest. Tens of thousands of Russian Jews are desperate to leave the Soviet Union, but only a tiny handful are being allowed to go. Cut off from their families abroad, those left behind are harassed by the KGB. Many have been sacked from their jobs, others like Yosif Begun have been jailed. In a report filmed secretly in Moscow and Leningrad Richard Lindley talks to the 'refuseniks' who fear that they are now Soviet pawns in the superpower game

  • S1985E13 Men of Honour

    • April 1, 1985
    • BBC One

    One of the most powerful Mafia Godfathers has broken the organisation's code of silence: omerta. The confession of Tommasso Buscetta gives a unique insight into Mafia operations in Italy and the United States. His evidence has already led to over 100 arrests. Martin Young reports on the organisation which included the world's biggest drugs racket and on the secret operations of the FBI which show how a billion dollars worth of narcotics were smuggled into America. In Italy, Buscetta reveals the links between organised crime and respectable politicians. On both sides of the Atlantic it is being hailed as a historic breakthrough in the battle against the Mafia - the so-called Men of Honour.

  • S1985E14 Protecting the Unborn Child?

    • April 15, 1985
    • BBC One

    Enoch Powell 's Bill to ban research on human embryos is racing through Parliament. It's supported by a big majority in the House of Commons and massive petitions from the public. But infertile couples and parents of handicapped children are desperately trying to stop it. They see human embryo research as the only hope for avoiding human tragedies in the future. Do these ends justify the means? As Parliament reassembles Margaret Jay reports on this crucial debate - where both sides think they are the best protectors of the unborn child.

  • S1985E15 Germany Divided - for Good?

    • April 22, 1985
    • BBC One

    As the 40th anniversary of the end of World War D. approaches, Panorama reports on the conflicting emotions of Germans in both parts of their divided nation. In West Germany it will be officially a time of solemn remembrance of the disaster of defeat and the rebirth of democracy. In East Germany the regime will celebrate Soviet liberation from fascism, and the setting up of their Communist state. On both sides of Germany's Iron Curtain Fred Emery talks to Germans of all ages about their views of the war and the division of their people.

  • S1985E16 29/04.1985

    • April 29, 1985
    • BBC One

    As the Israeli Army starts the last stage of its pull-out from Lebanon, settlers on Israel's northern border are again building shelters and bracing themselves for attack. The costly invasion was launched as a quick operation to protect them from PLO attacks across the border. But it has dragged on for three years: over 650 Israeli soldiers and thousands of civilians have died. Hopes that the defeat of the PLO could lead to peace are being undermined by the new threat from militant Shi'ites. Peter Taylor reports from South Lebanon and from Israel on the war which has divided military and political opinion and left an uncertain future.

  • S1985E17 Deadly Force

    • May 13, 1985
    • BBC One

    When a tube traveller turned on four men he thought were robbing him, and shot them, he also fired one of the most intense debates on crime in America this century. The implications of that one act have continued to reverberate and widen into deeper issues of vigilantism and racism. Tom Mangold rides with TONY IMPERIALE 'S white vigilantes and with the undercover cops in an investigation into the uncomfortable truth now emerging from the case of the 'subway vigilante'

  • S1985E18 Bhopal: The Lingering Tragedy

    • May 20, 1985
    • BBC One

    Six months ago, at least 2,500 Indians were killed and thousands more injured in the world's worst industrial disaster. After the gas leak at the Union Carbide plant, the people of Bhopal are still trying to rebuild their lives while the company is learning to live with the stigma of the tragedy. On the sidelines, the lawyers and politicians are bickering over questions of blame and compensation. As Nick Clarke reports from Bhopal, there's a sense throughout the chemical industry of 'there but for the grace of God ..."

  • S1985E19 Nicaragua: Seeing Red

    • June 10, 1985
    • BBC One

    President Reagan sees in Nicaragua a Communist tyranny which threatens the stability of Central America. The US Government back the guerrillas who are fighting to bring down the Sandinista regime and has imposed an economic embargo. Others in the West are more doubtful about the reality of the threat from Nicaragua. David Lomax reports from the front line of the mountain war in Nicaragua and from the US bases across the border in Honduras.

  • S1985E20 Short Sharp Shock

    • June 17, 1985
    • BBC One

    When football hooligans and other young offenders are sentenced by the courts, what sort of punishment do they get? Panorama has spent three weeks behind the walls at New Hall, where the Government has introduced a tougher regime for young prisoners. Philip Tibenham investigates how tough it is in practice, and whether the offenders really can be deterred from further crime.

  • S1985E21 When the Roof Falls In

    • June 24, 1985
    • BBC One

    The number of home owners who can't pay the mortgage is rising sharply. Last year 11,000 families lost their homes when the building societies repossessed them. Millions more live in crumbling houses they can't afford to repair. As people struggle to buy their own homes, Richard Lindley talks to the families and old people who have found home ownership not a boon but a burden — and more than they can bear.

  • S1985E22 Selling Star Wars

    • July 15, 1985
    • BBC One

    President Reagan believes his 'Star Wars' defence initiative may end the threat from nuclear weapons. His critics say that the massive research programme could upset the balance of terror with the Soviet Union and make war more likely. Tomorrow Vice-President Bush arrives in London, campaigning for support. Fred Emery reports on the debate, and discovers how scientists and businessmen on both sides of the Atlantic are getting in on the race for the new technology.

  • S1985E24 Family of Spies

    • July 8, 1985
    • BBC One

    In America the biggest spy scandal for decades continues to unravel: already it threatens the security of Britain and the rest of NATO. Three members of the Walker family, and a friend, are accused of betraying to the Russians some of NATO's most sensitive and closely guarded secrets. For 20 years they had access to the vital details of submarine warfare - codes, communications and tactics - central to the nuclear deployments of the West. Tom Mangold reports on the gravity of the revelations for the USA and for Britain, and talks to some of the people involved in the case of the Family of Spies.

  • S1985E24 Live Aid's Desert Gamble

    • September 2, 1985
    • BBC One

    Two months ago the Live Aid pop spectacular raised millions of pounds for famine relief in Africa. But the idea which caught the imagination of the world has now come face to face with reality. For in Sudan the truth is that the famine has been made much worse by human errors. Gavin Hewitt reports on the complex problems Live Aid and its organisers will have to overcome to make sure that the generosity of millions will not be squandered.

  • S1985E25 Doctor in a Hurry

    • September 9, 1985
    • BBC One

    Asked who she thought would be the next Prime Minister, Mrs Thatcher replied 'David Owen '. But how much do we really know about one of the most familiar faces in British politics? Dr Owen's opponents label him arrogant, ambitious, and unprincipled. He claims he's courageous and tough, but tender. At the SDP conference Michael Cockerell presents a revealing profile of the party's leader.

  • S1985E26 Prisons for Profit

    • September 16, 1985
    • BBC One

    British prisons are bursting at the bars, and now hold 8,000 more inmates than they were built for. But in the United States, where overcrowding is just as bad, local authorities have come up with a bold breakthrough. They're allowing private industry to build and run their prisons. The result, as Tom Mangold reveals, is startling. Everyone interested in the problem, from Wall Street financiers, who are already making money from prisons, to the 'lifers' serving time inside them, is now debating the issue in earnest. Are 'prisons for profit' a new curse, or a possible cure for the intractable problems of our jails?

  • S1985E27 23/09/1985

    • September 23, 1985
    • BBC One

  • S1985E28 Neil Appeal: The Relaunch of Labour

    • September 30, 1985
    • BBC One

    In the general election two years ago Labour suffered one of the most crushing defeats in its history. Since then its new leader, Neil Kinnock, has embarked on an energetic campaign to modernise Labour's image, appearing on pop videos, importing American marketing techniques and streamlining the party's organisation. Today, as the party conference opens in Bournemouth, Labour has won back some of the ground it lost. But is it enough? Robert Harris has been behind the scenes with Neil Kinnock and his advisors, already preparing for the next general election.

  • S1985E29 Maggie's Market Forces

    • October 7, 1985
    • BBC One

    What should the Tories do to get out of the slump they are in with the voters? Is it merely a matter, as Mrs Thatcher maintains, of getting the policies across better, of sharper marketing of basically the same policies or is pressure building up within the party for a change in policy? On the eve of the Tories' Conference in Blackpool, Fred Emery interviews both the Prime Minister, The Rt Hon Margaret Thatcher MP. and The Rt Hon Norman Tebbit MP, the new Tory Chairman. He also reports on the Tory mood around the country.

  • S1985E30 Jasmine, A Death Too Many Last March

    • October 14, 1985
    • BBC One

    Jasmine Beckford's stepfather was jailed for beating her to death. It was the first of a series of terrible cases of child abuse which have shocked the country this year. Jasmine was in care when she was killed. Social workers were her legal parents, but they only saw her once in the last 10 months of her life. A major public inquiry has just finished investigating Jasmine's case. Margaret Jay looks at Jasmine's life and the lessons to be drawn from her death.

  • S1985E31 South Africa: The Black Mans' Burden

    • October 21, 1985
    • BBC One

    A look at the effects of the Apartheid laws on the lives of black South Africans.

  • S1985E32 Aircrash - What Price Survival?

    • October 21, 1985
    • BBC One

    In 1985 more people have already died in air crashes than in any previous year. At Manchester airport in August, 77 people escaped from a blazing jet, 54 did not. Are the airlines spending enough to ensure that their passengers have the best possible chance of living through the horror of an air crash?

  • S1985E33 28/10/1985

    • October 28, 1985
    • BBC One

  • S1985E34 Poachers Turned Gamekeepers

    • November 4, 1985
    • BBC One

    'London is now the fraud capital of the world and the profits are astronomical,' claims fraud investigator RICHARD JURGENSON. Police, lawyers and civil servants all agree that millions of pounds disappear through fraud every year in the City of London. Yet the detection and conviction rate, admits the Attorney-General, is 'disappointingly low'. Scandals at Lloyds, at the Stock Exchange and in the banks have revealed that at a time when fraud is becoming more complex, the policing of Britain's financial institutions is splintered and weak. Having failed to successfully defeat city crime, the government now proposes that the financiers should police themselves. 'A sure recipe for bigger frauds,' is the cynical conclusion of city insiders. Will Hutton reports on the new system where the poachers will become gamekeepers.

  • S1985E35 The Year of the Spy

    • November 11, 1985
    • BBC One

    In London a senior Russian KGB officer defects: his tip-off traps a top KGB agent in Oslo. In Bonn the West German Head of Counterintelligence flees to the East, while in Rome a KGB colonel suddenly flees to the West. In the United States a KGB double agent vanishes: in Russia the CIA agent he betrays is arrested. Tom Mangold reveals what lies behind this complex pattern of defection and deceit: and looks at the impact of spy wars on next week's super-power summit and at which side is really winning in this extraordinary Year of the Spy.

  • S1985E36 The Summit Debate

    • November 18, 1985
    • BBC One

    On the eve of the historic Reagan-Gorbachev summit meeting in Geneva, Panorama brings young Russians and Americans together for a special debate. In an attempt to get behind the rhetoric, the Panorama team went to top American universities and to Moscow's foremost Study Institutes to choose young people who specialise in East-West relations and who will be shaping their countries foreign policy in the future. Fred Emery chairs the studio debate on the issues that the two leaders will be grappling with tomorrow.

  • S1985E37 Voices from the Ghetto

    • November 25, 1985
    • BBC One

    In the wake of the violent riots this autumn, much has been said about policing and punishment in Britain's inner cities. But little has been heard from people who live in the affected areas. For the first time the people of Toxteth in Liverpool have allowed cameras in to film the everyday life in the ghetto.

  • S1985E38 AIDS - The Race for a Cure

    • December 2, 1985
    • BBC One

    AIDS is the biggest public health threat for a generation. To date there have been a few hundred victims in Britain, but experts predict there will soon be many thousands. AIDS will affect men, women and children and, unless a cure is found, all those who get it will rapidly die. Doctors and scientists are desperately searching for a drug or a vaccine to knock out the virus. Will prevention - safer sex - prove better than a cure? Can alternative medicine bring hope to AIDS victims?

  • S1985E39 Whatever Happened to Solidarity?

    • December 9, 1985
    • BBC One

    Four years ago this week martial law was imposed in Poland and the short-lived free trade union movement Solidarity was suppressed. Panorama has been back to Poland to discover that the underlying economic problems that fuelled the rise of Solidarity are as great as ever. The movement itself lives on underground, with the Church as the shield and the focus for the opposition. Robert Harris has talked to top Government ministers and to Solidarity leader Lech Walesa who is deeply pessimistic about Poland four years on from martial law.

  • S1985E40 Arafat: Paying the Price of Terror

    • December 16, 1985
    • BBC One

    Yassar Arafat and the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) are fighting for survival after the blunders and killings of the last few months. Arab backers are now telling Arafat to give up the gun and start talking. With the PLO in crisis Arafat admits to Panorama he now has few cards left to play. And, with the PLO's fighters scattered across the Middle East, Gavin Hewitt reports on how Palestinians in Israeli-occupied Gaza and the West Bank are no longer looking to the PLO but to themselves for resistance.

Season 1986

  • S1986E01 The Comrades

    • May 19, 1986
    • BBC One

    While revolution has not yet come to South Africa, it already has to its townships. Throughout the country, young people calling themselves the 'Comrades', are assuming control and mobilising the black population. Panorama reports on the Comrades' struggle to impose their will on both black and white.

Season 1987

  • S1987E01 Scientology: The Road to Total Freedom?

    • April 27, 1987
    • BBC One

    John Sweeney investigates the Church of Scientology, endorsed by some major Hollywood celebrities, but which continues to face the criticism that it is less of a religion and more of a cult.

  • S1987E02 The Case for the Conservatives

    • June 8, 1987
    • BBC One

    Sir Robin Day interviews Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher on her and her party's record and policies.

Season 1988

  • S1988E01 Thatcher's 's 1000 Days

    • January 4, 1988
    • BBC One

    Mrs Thatcher has now been in office for 3,167 days - overtaking Asquith as the longest serving Prime Minister this century. Only four premiers have now served longer terms - Robert Walpole , William Pitt the Younger and Lords Liverpool and Salisbury. Robert Harris, Political Editor of the Observer, looks at how the Prime Minister has stamped her personality on the government of Britain, and talks to more than a dozen men who have worked closely with her. Lord Hailsham on her place in history: 'You've got to put her in the same category as Bloody Mary, Elizabeth 1, Queen Anne and Queen Victoria.' Lord Havers on her ruthlessness: 'If she thinks a minister is no longer up t

  • S1988E02 Arthur Scargill Evermore?

    • January 11, 1988
    • BBC One

    Later this month Britain's 100,000 miners will vote on the future direction of their leadership and in particular on Arthur Scargill. It's the first opportunity since the bitter year-long coal strike in 1984 for miners to express support or condemnation for their charismatic president. Panorama investigates who and what made Arthur Scargill, his record as union leader and what would be the impact of his re-election. Steve Bradshaw has been on the campaign trail, talks to miners at the coalface and examines the extraordinary influence Arthur Scargill still exerts over the NUM.

  • S1988E03 Rajiv Gandhi - India's Pilot Prime Minister

    • January 18, 1988
    • BBC One

    As an airline pilot, Rajiv Gandhi would press a button, pull a lever and get results. Now, as Prime Minister of India, he's discovering that the world's largest democracy doesn't respond so readily. Ruefully he tells Panorama's Richard Lindley 'there's a bit of slack in the controls'. In New Delhi, Rajiv is attacked for being too dependent on foreign technology, almost a stranger in his own country. In the Punjab he's at daggers drawn with the Sikhs in the Golden Temple, and in Sri Lanka his bold initiative to send troops to protect the Tamils could still turn it into India's Vietnam. Flying with Rajiv Gandhi across the vast expanse of India, Panorama watches the pilot prime minister tug at the nation's controls, hoping that India will respond to him.

  • S1988E04 The Margaret Thatcher Interview

    • January 25, 1988
    • BBC One

    The Prime Minister, the Right Hon Margaret Thatcher, MP, in a live interview with David Dimbleby. At the beginning of this year, Mrs Thatcher became the longest-serving British Prime Minister this century. Now in its third term in office, her Government shows no sign of flagging. It is embarking upon a set of radical proposals for education, for local Government, for welfare provision and for privatising water and electricity industries. Her critics, not all of them from the Opposition benches, accuse her of pursuing her vision of a new Britain at the expense of the social fabric of society. Mrs Thatcher answers her critics and talks to Panorama about her plans for Britain's future.

  • S1988E05 NHS - A Terminal Case?

    • February 1, 1988
    • BBC One

    Forty years after its birth, the National Health Service is in the grip of continued crisis. Can it be resourced by more money and better management, or is its disease so serious that the only remedy is dismemberment and a vastly boosted private sector? At St Bartholomew's Hospital in London and in the health district of Gloucestershire reporter David Lomax talks to managers, health economists, doctors and patients, and at Westminster asks what Government and Opposition would prescribe as NHS medicine.

  • S1988E06 08/02/1988

    • February 8, 1988
    • BBC One

    The Two Billion Pound Rip-Off With few effective controls and checks the EEC's Common Agricultural Policy has been described as 'the greatest incentive to crime in Western Europe'. In Northern Ireland grain and cattle are smuggled over the border and in some cases the IRA takes a cut of the Profits. In Germany, beef traders have earned millions by forging export documents. And in Sicily the Mafia claims subsidies for tons of oranges that don't even exist. As the near-bankrupt Common Market prepares for Thursday's emergency summit on its finances, Robin Denselow investigates Eurofraud - who's involved, how it's done and why it's estimated to cost the Community ten per cent of its budget each year.

  • S1988E07 15/02/1988

    • February 15, 1988
    • BBC One

    Violence on Television Since the Hungerford massacre violence on television has become a hot political issue. The Government is acting on the belief that there is a connection between TV violence and increased violence in society, and is now introducing new controls over programmes showing violence. What is the evidence that violence harms the viewer?

  • S1988E08 22/02/1988

    • February 22, 1988
    • BBC One

  • S1988E09 The IRA The Long War

    • February 29, 1988
    • BBC One

    A history of the Provisional IRA political and military campaign.

  • S1988E10 A Hard Act to Follow

    • March 7, 1988
    • BBC One

    Vice President George Bush and Senator Bob Dole are battling for the Republican Presidential nomination. Their mutual dislike is now a major factor in a bad-tempered campaign. John Ware examines the records and reputations of the two men determined to inherit President Reagan's mantle.

  • S1988E11 Underclass of 88

    • March 14, 1988
    • BBC One

    The Underclass of 88 In tomorrow's Budget the Chancellor is widely expected to announce further tax cuts for the better off. But what of Britain's poor? Next month will see the most radical change to the Social Security system in 40 years. Nine million claimants will be affected. The Government says the changes will help those in greatest need. Others say that many of the poor will be made more dependent on charity and that far from escaping poverty they're falling further behind.

  • S1988E12 Electricity - a Shock in Store

    • March 21, 1988
    • BBC One

    Disturbing new evidence of a connection between electricity and small but significant increases in childhood and adult cancers are mystifying scientists and causing international concern. In the USA property values under power lines have already begun to tumble. Tom Mangold investigates the latest developments in this scientific detective story, reporting from Britain, in the USA and Sweden on the race to find out whether the ubiquitous source of energy for life may also have a shock in store.

  • S1988E13 28/03/1988

    • March 28, 1988
    • BBC One

    In the Church of England the recent passionate arguments about the ordination to the priesthood of women or of practising homosexuals are symptoms of a much wider debate. Should the hierarchy of the established church - with its historical emphasis on compromise and consensus - yield to the increasingly vocal calls from both Evangelicals and Anglo-Catholics for a more clearly defined lead? Should the C of E be more involved in politics or less? David Lomax talks to the Archbishop of Canterbury and assesses the mood of the Anglican faithful in parishes in Essex, Cornwall and County Durham.

  • S1988E14 11/04/1988

    • April 11, 1988
    • BBC One

    Charles, Prince of Conscience Is the Prince of Wales sharpening an impression that he is increasingly out of tune with Thatcherite Britain? Or is he ahead of the times, exploiting a freedom he will lose as King - to lead public crusades for more community co-operation in national regeneration? Panorama goes behind the tabloid preoccupations with the Royal Family to examine the implications when an activist prince expounds policies beyond partisan concerns. Out with the Prince - in the inner cities and with the unemployed young - Fred Emery reports that the Prince's frustration lies not in his lack of active involvement but in the lack of attention to the results he is getting.

  • S1988E15 Child Abuse: Battering the System

    • April 18, 1988
    • BBC One

    Clare is 4, and her mother fears she has been sexually abused by her father. She's just one of 30,000 children on the local authority 'at risk' register - an increase of 22 per cent in a year. Robin Denselow reports from Greenwich and from Newcastle on the effects of this increase on social workers, a group who have often been criticised for their handling of cases, but who face considerable personal risk as they try to protect children. Have they the right training for the job, and can they cope with the rise in child abuse alongside all their other responsibilities?

  • S1988E16 Israel at 40

    • April 25, 1988
    • BBC One

    Next week, as Israel celebrates 40 years of statehood, Panorama reports on the growing-problems of the troubled nation which has yet to find peace with its neighbours and within itself. Tom Mangold speaks to Palestinians in the Gaza Strip, now in their fourth month of uprising against Israeli occupation, and reports from the West Bank where the first Israeli settler has been killed in the uprising. And as the Schultz peace initiative remains deadlocked, Panorama reports from inside Israel and asks politicians and soldiers, Jews and Arabs - why does the Zionist dream still remain elusive?

  • S1988E17 In the Shadow of the Killing Fields

    • April 9, 1988
    • BBC One

    Ten years after Pol Pot 's reign of terror, Cambodians fear that the horror of the killing fields may return. Britain and the West recognise the exiled Khmer Rouge and their allies as the true government, so Cambodia is denied the aid her people so desperately need. The Khmer Rouge continue to wage a bloody guerrilla war. Russia supports the Vietnamese controlled government in the capital Phnom Penh. After Afghanistan, Mr Gorbachev wants a settlement here too. But if the Vietnamese army go, will Pol Pot return? Jane Corbin reports on the desperation of a people trapped in the land the world forgot.

  • S1988E18 Replacing the Hidden Bomb

    • May 16, 1988
    • BBC One

    Few people know that Britain has a class of nuclear bombs other than those carried in the Polaris submarines. Even their name was kept secret for 20 years. Now, without consulting Parliament, the Government has started work on a replacement. What Britain does next will have vital implications for our future defence and for relations with both Europe and America. For Panorama, Mark Urban , defence correspondent of the Independent, unravels the story of Britain's 'other' bomb. questions the military and political leaders involved in the decisions and the pilots who may have to bear the consequences.

  • S1988E19 A Revolution without Shots

    • May 23, 1988
    • BBC One

    Mikhail Gorbachev has called his attempt to reform the Soviet Union 'a revolution without shots'. But he is facing stiff resistance from bureaucrats and officials. The battle is largely being fought in code, through differing attitudes toward the former dictator Stalin. Panorama has been to the Ukraine, Soviet Central Asia and the Russian Republic to examine how the reforms are working, where the opposition comes from and what the limits to the new freedom are.

  • S1988E20 Selling the Nuclear Dream

    • June 6, 1988
    • BBC One

    When the Government privatises the electricity industry, everyone in Britain will have the chance to buy a stake in nuclear power. But while the Government wants to protect the nuclear industry, there are fears that privatisation may seriously undermine it. In America, some politicians are trying to take private nuclear power stations into public ownership, blaming them for high electricity prices. Is the dream of power 'too cheap to meter' finally over? Or can the Government succeed in persuading 'Sid' to back nuclear power with his own money? Stephen Bradshaw talks to Energy Secretary, the Rt Hon Cecil Parkinson , mp, and reports from nuclear installations in Britain and America on the prospects for a nuclear future.

  • S1988E21 Northern Ireland: the Long Peace

    • June 13, 1988
    • BBC One

    After 20 years of unrest, there are the first signs of a wind of political change in Northern Ireland. The Anglo-Irish Agreement between London and Dublin has changed the political assumptions of a generation. Northern Unionists are prepared to talk to Dublin, while the nationalist parties of the North - the SDLP and Sinn Fein, try to work out a common front. Peter Taylor examines the tortuous road towards an elusive solution in Ireland.

  • S1988E22 In Wealth We Trust

    • June 20, 1988
    • BBC One

    In his last Budget, Chancellor Lawson gave to those who already had. He cut tax for the well-off. The Opposition now accuse him of creating a 'loadsamoney' economy - a spendthrift generation, who will not secure the nation's future. The Government argue that the enterprise culture will spread wealth and encourage a new morality. Ian Smith asks Britain's millionaires how they will spend their money. Will they be exhorted by the Government and their conscience to give more away in charity to those for whom the heat of the free market is too great?

  • S1988E23 The Price of Success?

    • June 27, 1988
    • BBC One

    Britain's South East is beginning to boom. In a crescent around London, new business parks and housing estates are fast expanding. But as house prices spiral and skill shortages grow, many who have so far admired the results of a free market economy are beginning to protest at its effects. Do the Home Counties need planning constraints to preserve what green is left and to close the widening gap between North and South? Or will the South East inevitably float away from the rest of Britain? David Lomax reports from his home county of Berkshire - where the environmental battle is fiercest - visits the latest enterprise zone in Scotland and talks to Environment Minister, the Rt Hon Nicholas Ridley , mp, and the Rt Hon Michael Heseltine , MP about their conflicting views of how the heat of the South East should be conducted to those who have been left out in the cold.

  • S1988E24 Can We Afford the Doctor?

    • July 4, 1988
    • BBC One

    The death of hole-in-the-heart baby, Matthew Collier , has provoked the most fundamental review of the National Health Service for 40 years. The decisions are ready to be taken and an expansion of private medicine with tax breaks for private patients is on the agenda. Jane Corbin examines how those changes may affect everyone in Britain. The NHS is 40 years old this week. Will there continue to be free medicine for all?

  • S1988E25 Who Is This Man Dukakis?

    • July 11, 1988
    • BBC One

    As the son of Greek immigrants is about to be sent forth as the Democratic Party's challenger to recapture the American Presidency, Panorama examines the credentials of Michael Dukakis. As Democrats prepare to gather for their Convention in Atlanta, Fred Emery assesses Mr Dukakis 's record over nine years as Governor of Massachusetts, and, from California to Georgia, asks voters whether or not they want a change from the Reagan years.

  • S1988E26 Hot Property

    • July 18, 1988
    • BBC One

    The property boom has brought with it a brand new crime - mortgage fraud. It involves estate agents, valuers and solicitors as well as ordinary purchasers, and it's happening both because mortgages are so easily available and because the bodies set up to monitor house sales seem unable to cope with the frantic buying market. Robin Denselow reports from London and Birmingham, where house prices have risen by 50 per cent this year, and where building societies and financial institutions are buying up strings of estate agents. Will the arrival of the powerful new player clean up the property market or just bring new problems?

  • S1988E27 Labour's Agonising Reappraisal

    • September 5, 1988
    • BBC One

    At a time when the Opposition should have been making capital of the Government's difficulties, Labour's leaders have helped create something of a crisis of confidence in themselves. In the week of the TUC, Fred Emery reports on what's behind the fundamental reappraisal of policies launched by Neil Kinnock and his trade union allies. And with the Kinnock- Hattersley leadership facing re-election challenges from Tony Benn , Eric Heffer and John Prescott , Panorama reports from Scotland and Southampton on the conflicting directions the party is being urged to take to regain power in the 90s.

  • S1988E28 Jam Today, Jam Tomorrow?

    • September 12, 1988
    • BBC One

    By the year 2000, there will be up to 30 per cent more cars on the road. Peter Taylor examines ways of getting out of the jam and interviews Secretary of State The Rt Hon Paul Channon. The Government wants private enterprise to invest in transport. But if urban motorways are ruled out would the Government charge motorists directly for their journeys?

  • S1988E29 Piper Alpha: the Human Price of Oil

    • September 19, 1988
    • BBC One

    In July, 167 men were killed in the world's worst ever oil disaster. Jane Corbin talks to crucial eyewitnesses aboard the Piper Alpha that nigbt and examines what mighr have gone wrong. There are lessons for the whole industry. Did the oil companies design for disaster - are their safety and maintenance procedures effective enough and what are the implications for the men who produce Britain's black gold?

  • S1988E30 A Class Apart

    • September 26, 1988
    • BBC One

    One-hundred-and-eighty children have just begun term at the most controversial school in Britain, the brand new City Technology College in Solihull. Robin Denselow reports on the bitter national debate behind the glare of publicity. Are CTCs the new departure in hi-tech education for the next generation? Or are they wasteful in resources and part of a wider political design, to undermine Local Education Authorities and the whole system of comprehensive education?

  • S1988E31 03/10/1988

    • October 3, 1988
    • BBC One

  • S1988E32 Violent Britain - The Hurd Instinct

    • October 10, 1988
    • BBC One

    On the eve of the Conservative Party Conference, the Home Secretary the Rt Hon Douglas Hurd , MP is preparing for one of his toughest challenges of the year - his speech in the law and order debate. In the face of rising public concern about violent crime, Andrew Marr of the Scotsman interviews the Home Secretary and some of his fiercest critics about a new initiative which will mean fewer young criminals behind bars. Will the Home Office alternatives, like imposing curfews, be acceptable to the Tory party and the public? Panorama talks to young offenders, their victims and the police about the future for an increasingly violent Britain.

  • S1988E33 Unknown

    • October 17, 1988
    • BBC One

    Few people know that Britain has a class of nuclear bombs other than those carried in the Polaris submarines. Even their name was kept secret for 20 years. Now, without consulting Parliament, the Government has started work on a replacement. What Britain does next will have vital implications for our future defence and for relations with both Europe and America. For Panorama, Mark Urban , defence correspondent of the Independent, unravels the story of Britain's 'other' bomb. questions the military and political leaders involved in the decisions and the pilots who may have to bear the consequences.

  • S1988E34 Choosing the Future - the Genetic Revolution

    • October 24, 1988
    • BBC One

    Using the latest DNA technology, scientists are identifying the genes which help to determine the kind of people we are. In an exclusive interview, Nobel Prize winner Dr James Watson , who helped to discover the structure of DNA, warns their work may harm our lives as well as improve them. Steve Bradshaw analyses the genetic revolution with scientists, Baroness Warnock, and some of the people whose lives have already been profoundly affected by choices that may later confront us all.

  • S1988E35 Pakistan: Paying for a Holy War

    • October 31, 1988
    • BBC One

    Pakistan has been the chief backer of the Afghan guerrillas in their Holy War against the Soviet army. But what price has Pakistan paid for being a frontline state? Panorama examines how KGB-trained agents brought terror to Pakistan; how the war has bred a Kalashnikov culture and an epidemic of heroin addiction. And, as Pakistan goes to the polls following the death of President Zia, the programme talks to Benazir Bhutto , his likely successor. From inside Pakistan and Afghanistan, Gavin Hewitt reports on the prospects for peace for the region as the Soviets withdraw.

  • S1988E36 The Tories: Friends of the Earth?

    • November 14, 1988
    • BBC One

    Mrs Thatcher claims the Conservatives are green at heart. The local authorities monitoring Britain's booming waste industry have yet to be convinced. Ever since she came to power, they've been asking for tougher laws to regulate the waste cowboys. John Ware investigates the legal loopholes that have made Britain dirty.

  • S1988E37 Adios General Pinochet?

    • November 21, 1988
    • BBC One

    After 15 years, the people of Chile have voted to get rid of General Pinochet. But his dictatorship continues for the next year-and-a-half as a nation, divided hy hatred, tries to move towards democracy. David Lomax reports on whether the military junta will really surrender power to the opposition without a fight.

  • S1988E38 Europe: My Way or Theirs?

    • November 28, 1988
    • BBC One

    On the eve of the Summit of Common Market Leaders, Fred Emery reports on the battle for the future of Europe after 1992. Mrs Thatcher has challenged Britain's European partners not to rush ahead with schemes for a united Europe, introducing socialism by the back door. The Rt Hon Norman Tebbit , MP and the Rt Hon Michael Heseltine , MP, EEC Commissioner Lord Cockfield, Eurochief Jacques Delors and former French president Valery Giscard D'Estaing join the argument.

  • S1988E39 Council Housing: The Last Frontier

    • December 5, 1988
    • BBC One

    Council estates are the Conservatives' next political battlefield. Once, council housing, subsidised and secure, symbolised the Welfare State. But the Government has cut back council housing and introduced the right to buy; and now the Tories plan to sell off whole estates to new style 'social landlords'. If the Tories replace council-house culture by enterprise culture, who will lose and who will gain? Vivian White reports.

  • S1988E40 The Shadow of the Swastika

    • December 12, 1988
    • BBC One

    Half a century after the war, the hunting down of old Nazis has never been more intense. In America, Canada and Israel, Nazis and their collaborators are facing trial. Soon Britain will decide whether to try alleged war criminals in British courts. Jane Corbin investigates the Nazi-hunters, their methods, and the problems of finding evidence 40 years on.

Season 1989

  • S1989E01 NHS plc? What's in It for Patients?

    • March 13, 1989
    • BBC One

    The Government has embarked on the most radical reforms to the National Health Service in its history. Hospitals will be run on business lines, competing for patients. Mrs Thatcher says it will give the patients more choice. Labour warns it's paving the way for the privatisation of the NHS. The battle to win the argument among doctors, nurses and patients is now raging. Fred Emery reports from the Health Secretary's own Nottinghamshire health district and from Peckham, in inner-city London.

  • S1989E02 The Condor Conspiracy

    • April 10, 1989
    • BBC One

    Panorama Episode featuring Jane Corbin on the threat posed by the Argentinian Condor Missile Programme

  • S1989E03 Follow My Leader

    • October 9, 1989
    • BBC One

    Anthony Howard reports for BBC Panorama into the thoughts and stratagems of the Conservative powerbrokers, from 1989.

  • S1989E04 British Rail: The Ultimate Sell-Off

    • October 16, 1989
    • BBC One

Season 1990

  • S1990E01 Triumph Over Tyranny

    • January 8, 1990
    • BBC One

    After fleeing the capital as revolutionary fervour spread, Romanian President Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife were captured and returned to Bucharest to face the revolution's summary justice on Christmas Day 1989.

Season 1991

  • S1991E01 The Chances of Averting War

    • January 7, 1991
    • BBC One

    Reports on the central issues of the day at home and abroad. As the Gulf crisis reaches a critical stage and the UN deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait runs out, Panorama assesses the chances of averting war.

  • S1991E02 Project Babylon

    • January 14, 1991
    • BBC One

    The full story of Saddam Hussein 's supergun is revealed. It began as one scientist's dream and ended in murder, illegal arms shipments, and serious embarrassment for the government. With previously secret documents and interviews with some of those most closely involved, Panorama shows how the Iraqis ordered three different guns, how British companies helped build the parts, and how confusion and rivalry in Whitehall nearly led to potentially lethal technology falling into Saddam's hands.

  • S1991E03 28/01/1991

    • January 28, 1991
    • BBC One

  • S1991E04 04/02/1991

    • February 4, 1991
    • BBC One

  • S1991E05 11/02/1991

    • February 11, 1991
    • BBC One

  • S1991E06 18/02/1991

    • February 18, 1991
    • BBC One

  • S1991E07 25/02/1991

    • February 25, 1991
    • BBC One

    While the world has been distracted by the Gulf crisis, momentous political events have been taking place in the Soviet Union, which put a question mark against President Gorbachev's entire programme of reform. Gavin Hewitt reports on how the struggle for independence in the republics combined with mounting economic chaos to provoke a formidable conservative backlash.

  • S1991E08 04/03/1991

    • March 4, 1991
    • BBC One

    As foreign ministers gather in Brussels to discuss the next steps towards political union, Panorama examines the impact of the Gulf crisis on Europe. There's been bitter criticism in Britain of some European countries for their lack of support for the war effort, while Europeans have said that Britain is more interested in its 'special relationship' with the USA than in closer co-operation with the Continent. Has the Gulf crisis proved that political union is simply impossible - or shown that it's needed now more than ever?

  • S1991E09 11/03/1991

    • March 11, 1991
    • BBC One

  • S1991E10 18/03/1991

    • March 18, 1991
    • BBC One

    On the eve of the Budget, Panorama asks whether the recession is doing lasting damage to Britain's industrial fabric. As unemployment soars to two million, it is already clear that the latest recession is deeper than expected. But now that it has spread north from services to Britain's industrial heartland, industrialists are asking whether manufacturing industry can recover from its second body blow in a decade.

  • S1991E11 America's Secret War

    • March 25, 1991
    • BBC One

    Intelligence gathering played a vital role in the military success of the Allies in the Gulf War. Tom Mangold reports on how a war which started disastrously for the Americans, by failing to predict the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, ended in triumph.

  • S1991E12 Race Hate UK

    • April 8, 1991
    • BBC One

    In 1991 Panorama investigated the rise of racist violence in the UK and the role of the openly racist British National Party. Formed after a split with the National Front in the 1980s, the British National Party continued to follow an openly racist agenda advocating involuntary repatriation of non-whites. The programme found their policies and their presence inflaming racial tensions in the east end of London.

  • S1991E13 The Major Question

    • April 15, 1991
    • BBC One

    John Major's honeymoon is over. Now he's faced with tough decisions on the poll tax, the economy and the timing of the next election. Has he got what it takes to come up with the right answers?

  • S1991E14 The Cancer Lottery

    • April 22, 1991
    • BBC One

    Every cancer patient wants the best treatment, but finding it may be a matter of chance. Some doctors believe that thousands of cancer patients are dying unnecessarily in Britain every year. Stephen Bradshaw presents disquieting new evidence on the treatment of a disease that one in three of us will develop and one in four will die from.

  • S1991E15 Beyond the Poll Tax

    • April 29, 1991
    • BBC One

    In the week when millions vote in local elections and the government unveils its replacement for the poll tax, the spotlight is on local government. What should it do and how should we pay for it? From Nottingham, David Dimbleby leads a debate with politicians, councillors, experts and ordinary citizens.

  • S1991E16 Cold Warrior - the Story of James Jesus Angleton

    • May 13, 1991
    • BBC One

    Tonight's special edition traces the extraordinary career of James Jesus Angleton, the most famous spycatcher of them all. Angleton was the CIA's guru of counter-intelligence through most of the cold war, but his increasing paranoia and the obsessive mole-hunt he launched paralysed the west's spying operations against the KGB and led at least one innocent man to his death.

  • S1991E17 Scuttling British Shipbuilders

    • May 20, 1991
    • BBC One

    Two years ago England's last big merchant shipbuilding yard was closed for good. But there were and remain shipbuilders who wanted to buy and run the Sunderland shipyards without subsidy. Fred Emery reports on the political deal between Whitehall and Brussels which sacrificed Sunderland in the Government's rush to privatise what was left of British shipbuilding.

  • S1991E18 Escape from Tiananmen

    • June 3, 1991
    • BBC One

    Two years after the massacre in Tiananmen Square, Panorama reveals the story of Yellow Bird - the underground operation that spirited many pro-democracy activists out of China under the noses of the communist authorities. In the programme, much of which was made secretly inside China, Gavin Hewitt also talks to the students who stayed behind.

  • S1991E19 Rivals for Russia

    • June 10, 1991
    • BBC One

    David Dimbleby presents a special programme from Moscow in the week of the first free election since the Revolution. Will Boris Yeltsin be voted Russian president - and if he is, where does that leave Mikhail Gorbachev ? The BBC's Moscow correspondent is on the campaign trail with the candidates, while David Dimbleby debates the implications of the election with rival political leaders.

  • S1991E20 The Dream of Kurdistan

    • June 17, 1991
    • BBC One

    After the refugee crisis, what hope is there for the Kurds of attaining their own homeland? Robin Denselow reports from northern Iraq, where Kurds are nervously enjoying a taste of freedom, and from Turkey, where a bitter guerrilla war is intensifying.

  • S1991E21 Making a Killing?

    • June 24, 1991
    • BBC One

    In the aftermath of the Gulf War, western leaders say it is time for the world's major weapons producers to cut back on arms sales. But is the arms trade now beyond our control? Jane Corbin reports from Chile and Egypt on how major British defence companies are selling weapons technology which could make attempts at arms control worthless.

  • S1991E22 Out of Sight, Out of Mind

    • July 1, 1991
    • BBC One

    The Government is committed to closing down old asylums and caring for the mentally ill in the community.-But as thousands of beds are lost for ever, more and more of the mentally ill find themselves out on the street, and many end up in prison. Polly Toynbee reports on the plight of the mentally ill, and asks whether closing mental hospitals so quickly leaves them with nowhere to go.

  • S1991E23 Labour Pains

    • July 8, 1991
    • BBC One

    Labour now has a good chance of forming Britain's next government. But post-war Labour prime ministers have faced the same persistent problems: sterling crises, pressures on spending, strained relations with the ' unions, and internal party 4 strife. Michael Crick asks ? whether, if history repeats itself, Neil Kinnock could g tackle these problems any more effectively than his predecessors.

  • S1991E24 The Battle for Britain's Defences

    • July 15, 1991
    • BBC One

    As Britain's armed forces wait to hear who's going to be on the receiving end of the government's military cutbacks, David Dimbleby chairs a special debate on the future of our defences. Is a leaner, meaner force the right answer or did the Gulf War prove that it could be dangerous to give up the traditional strengths of our army, navy and airforce?

  • S1991E25 Lethal Force

    • July 22, 1991
    • BBC One

    John Ware investigates a chain of recent killings by British soldiers in Northern Ireland. In some instances, new forensic documents or new eye-witnesses suggest that soldiers lied about what happened, or tampered with the evidence. In another incident, one of the security forces' own informers was shot dead. 'Shoot to kill' may not be official government policy; Panorama examines if it's developed into a practice.

  • S1991E26 ICI: Hanson's Choice

    • July 29, 1991
    • BBC One

    A state of war exists between ICI, Britain's top chemical company, and Hanson pic, over the prospect of Britain's ; largest ever takeover. It was sparked by a city raid that i made Hanson pic ICI's second ' largest shareholder, and was followed by a proposed merger . from Hanson chairmen Lords Hanson and White. ICI coldly refused. Now, amid workforce anxieties and excitement in the financial world, Fred Emery reports on the key issue: should ICI simply be sold to the highest bidder or are there longer-term national - interests to be served in safeguarding a British company that claims to be j world class?

  • S1991E27 Kuwait: the Victims of Victory

    • August 5, 1991
    • BBC One

    The first of three special programmes about the Gulf War and its aftermath. Jane Corbin returns to Kuwait one year after Iraq's invasion where she discovers that for many people, liberation has brought persecution rather than freedom.

  • S1991E28 Iraq: Saddam the Survivor

    • August 12, 1991
    • BBC One

    Did Saddam really lose the Gulf War? In the second of three special Panorama documentaries about the war and its aftermath, the BBC's award-winning Foreign Affairs editor John Simpson reports from Iraq and its neighbours on how the dictator survived a crushing military defeat and the uprisings that followed it, and talks to the Iraqi dissidents who still hope to topple him.

  • S1991E29 The Allies: in the Eye of the Storm

    • August 19, 1991
    • BBC One

    The last of three reports about the Gulf War and its aftermath. Interviews with military commanders and previously unseen Pentagon film cast new light on some crucial events in the war.

  • S1991E30 02/09/1991

    • September 2, 1991
    • BBC One

  • S1991E31 09/09/1991

    • September 9, 1991
    • BBC One

  • S1991E32 Goodbye USSR

    • September 16, 1991
    • BBC One

    As the Soviet Union breaks up, reporter Gavin Hewitt explores the death of a superpower. Will its end be bloody or peaceful? The iron grip of the Communist Party and the Kremlin have now been loosened. In the new freedom can the democrats prevent the economy from descending even further into chaos? And will the desire for revenge against communists, and renewed ethnic feuding cause further bloodshed?